Cape Coast was founded by the people of Oguaa. It was however controlled by various colonial administrations from the 16th Century. The Swedish, Portuguese, Danish, Dutch and the British have all administered the city in the course of its colonial history. It was the seat of the British colonial government in the then Gold Coast until it was moved to Accra in 1877. The land area of Cape Coast is mostly sloppy with many hills and valleys. The temperature is humid with the sea breeze providing a cool ambience. The locals are chiefly involved in fishing and related activities.